Note: For variations of these logos, see On-Screen Variations.
Columbia Pictures was founded on January 10, 1924 as Columbia Pictures Corporation. For their first films, the company used an illustration featuring a female Roman soldier holding a shield in her left hand and a stick of wheat in her right hand.
In 1928, the Roman soldier was replaced by Columbia (who is an early american personification of the United States) holding a torch on her right hand and wearing a draped US flag. Above her, the words "Columbia Pictures Corporation" (later "A Columbia Production") appear above in an arch.
In 1936, the woman nicknamed as the Torch Lady now stands on a pedestal showing a giant Columbia text in chiseled letters behind her. The sky background was also added. This became the main design of the company for over 80 years.
In 1942, due to the United States Flag Code which considers illegal to wear the American flag as a costume,
the draped US flag was replaced with an ordinary cloth.
Technicolor variation. The pedestal is more visible now and the sky background was changed.
Black and white version.
In 1953, since Technicolor films started to become more common, the entire logo was colored (although a Black and White variant was used in tandem with) and the ocean was added to the background to give the impression of a far horizon.
This was the CinemaScope version. The sky background was modified again to fill the screen.
In 1968, the clothes of the Torch Lady were slightly modified.
In 1974, the byline A Division Of Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. was added on the bottom.
Robert Abel and Associates (Animation)
From 1976 to 1981, Columbia Pictures replaced the classic logo with the one known as "Sunburst logo" which represented the beams from the torch. The Torch Lady was still seen without the "Columbia" text, but only in very few seconds at begenning of the animation sequence. It was debuted in Murder by Death and last used in Happy Birthday to Me.
In 1981, Columbia discontinued the Sunburst logo and brought back the Torch Lady, but now the full name of the company was seen and the outfit of the Torch Lady were colored orange. This logo is known for being used in Ghostbusters and its sequel. It was debuted in Cheech & Chong's Nice Dreams and last seen in Lost in Yonkers.
Michael J. Deas (Artwork)
Jeff Kleiser and Diana Walczak (from Synthespian Studios; animation)
In 1993, the logo was repainted digitally by artist Michael Deas, giving it a more hyper-realistic look and the chiselled text was added again. The opening sequnce was also changed using a 3D animation made by Jeff Kleiser and Diana Walczak of Synthespian Studios, in which the logo would zoom-out from torchlight to show the entire structure.
With a lifespan of 27 years, this became the most memorable logo of the company, and made its debut in Last Action Hero.
- Michael Deas hired Jennifer Joseph, a newspaper graphics artist, to model as the Torch Lady.
In 1996, the byline a Sony Pictures Entertainment company was added. It was debuted in The Craft and last used in The Messengers.
In 2007, the logo was updated with a more advanced CG animation, where the sky is darker and the Torch Lady is in an "enhanced" look, similar to the Columbia TriStar Home Entertainment logo and Michael Deas' original artwork of the logo itself. It was debuted in The Holiday, released in 2006 (where the logo is already formed). An anamorphic variation exists, where the background is stretched and the text is larger. This version first appeared in Ghost Rider (first film to use the fully animated version of the logo) and it was last seen in Captain Phillips.
The byline was changed to a Sony Company in 2014. Also the logo begins with the Sony logo appearing and zooming in to some parting clouds with a bright light transitioning to the logo itself. It was debuted in Marvel's The Amazing Spider-Man 2, released in the US on May 2 the same year.